The proposed structure of the International Open Joint-Stock Corporation “Global Marine Pollution” and a rough calculation of primary costs
1. The structure of our Corporation
We need to explain to you the proposed structure of our corporation.
Any work at sea is associated with certain risks. Despite the numerous prescriptions and rules inherent in the experience of good marine practice, the insuperable forces of nature and the construction of ships sometimes appear and act on the ship. Sometimes they lead to tragic consequences due to common human errors, the so-called human factor. Their number is much smaller than, say, on slow-moving roads, but because of the large number of passengers, for example, those who are not trained to survive at sea, and the incompetence of the crew, they sometimes lead to a large number of victims. We considered an extremely poor result now.
However, suppose winter is in the North Atlantic. This time of year is replete with storms, fogs, snowfalls, and other not very pleasant things. Sometimes ships simply cannot perform certain tasks for a long time.
Another option is the preventive maintenance of ships. In order for any work at sea to be carried out without risk, vessels must undergo repairs at different intervals.
Even people sometimes get sick, and on ships, various mechanisms break down completely unplanned, and there is no getting away from it.
All this leads to downtime and, to some extent, the risk of working at sea.
Ship crews and passengers should periodically change, as they simply get tired of being in the open sea, and this is also non-working time.
All these and many other factors make it difficult to work on the open seas and, as a result, reduce the company’s profits.
Sometimes vessels need the help of experts or other vessels.
Therefore, only a company with three vessels can work more or less stable. One works, the second is in scheduled repair, and the third has suddenly failed. But one vessel always works, and the company is more or less able to work stably.
It is desirable that all three work in approximately in one region so that they can help each other in a timely manner.
We hope that the ideas are completely clear.
But the purchase of three ships at once sometimes turns out to be an unenviable burden. All the same, it increases the price three times. Consequently, this is simply the surest way to go bankrupt for very large ships without adequate initial capital. But small vessels cannot generate income, as large vessels, especially at the initial stage, and this is also understandable.
Now for convenience, let’s call one ship a “lot”, and a group of three ships a “cluster”.
In a cluster, there should be two small lots and one big one. Two small ones will not only supply a big one with products, water, change of crew and passengers, but also collect floating plastic from the ocean surface, do many other very necessary and profitable things. For small two lots, the big one will serve as a base, while small two for the big one will be auxiliary.
Each lot will be a separate Company, and the cluster will be a mini-Corporation. Take a word that this is a must be. Not only this, most likely each lot-Company will be registered under a separate flag, and the Corporation is also under a different jurisdiction. This is the only way to achieve the maximum survivability of the cluster. Corporations – clusters will be combined into super Clusters on the principle of three, and so on. But this is already a very distant result of our efforts with you, and as long as it will be an impossible dream.
2. The First Step.
So, we have implemented the structure of the entire enterprise for the professional cleaning of plastic pollution from the seas. Now let’s talk about where to start.
We have nothing but the desire and the will to carry out our plans. We will not go into the smallest details, but we need basic principles.
Work must begin with a small “lot”. It should be a vessel with a length of 25 to 50 meters with a minimum draft, all-weather and unlimited navigation zone. The hull must be durable and steel, with a forward mast and a medium but reliable engine. With maximum reserves of water and fuel. The crew of three people and regular passengers 12, a maximum of 15 people. Day passengers can be up to 80 people or so. The front mast is necessary for setting sails during emergency navigation in case of engine failure, for the same purpose and to communicate with the coast, in addition to life rafts and lifeboats, you need a powerful dingy boat that can tow our first “lot” if necessary. In addition to the navigation equipment, you will need at least a satellite phone and a maximum Internet connection. This is the most necessary configuration of our first lot. This is the basic minimum necessary for a calm and safe sailing on the high seas. The ocean does not forgive mistakes.
To minimize the cost of the first lot, we just need to buy the old however strong one. As a rule, such a vessel cannot fulfill its intended purpose due to outdated equipment – such a strong vessel is suitable for our purpose.
How much it all costs can be quickly found on the Internet. There are similar vessels and their price, taking into account intermediaries, ranges from $80,000 up to $500,000.
Of course, such a vessel may be will need some repairs, payment of fees, purchase of fuel, food, minimally needed bedding, dishes, all up to toilet paper. So the cost simply needs to be increased by 1/3 or even half.
An accountant, a captain, a mechanic, a sailor, a company manager, bloggers, Internet specialists, photo and video filming, a crew uniform and at least branded T-shirts, souvenirs and other things will be needed. No one will work for us for free. More of this all will start to push us out.
And this is already very close to the price of a large lot – the base ship. If this happens, we will risk and buy a base first, but we can’t count on fairy tales.
Everything will be learning during work. It is necessary to rely on the price of about from $300,000 up to $500,000, and then it will be how it will come out. Now we only smoothly approach the essence of our proposal.
In addition, it can be said that a pilot plant for processing 2-4 tons of plastic per day can also be placed on such a vessel. If everything works as it should, it will remove the question of fuel, fresh water and electricity, which will speed up the purchase of the next lot and, of course, will increase payments to everyone involved in the project.
There is an installation for plastic processing and, in general, all wastes containing hydrocarbons (food residues, fecal water, oily water, old engine oil, plastic, wood, etc.), but it is unproductive in the form in which it is usually used is too bulky and sometimes releases toxic gases.
In the meantime, using the components of other installations and producing only one original part, which can be produced in any workshop, we will receive a completely safe and environmentally cleanest line for processing the above waste into motor fuel, fuel oil, and even excellent quality gasoline with the output of finished products from waste weight up to 90%.
Therefore, we will need one good mechanic, two welders, and one mechanic for up to one to two months and a place on the shore where we can assemble and test the plastic processing line.
Collecting plastic along the coastline is not difficult. Garbage collection from the surface and from the depths of the ocean will also require costs, but much less than one can imagine. From a certain old fishing gear can make several devices for this purpose. All together will not make a large amount and we will not even take it into account in the preliminary plan. $2000-$5000 we will always find for this purpose.
The total of all the costs for a fully working vessel for our purpose will be about from $600,000 up to $800,000.
Is this a lot or a little? Much in monetary terms and immeasurably small, 10 times less than the usual costs of such operations. You can calculate the payback period yourself.
From 1 ton plastics and waste will come out with all the costs and expenses of 300 liters of gasoline, 300 liters of diesel fuel, 150 liters of fuel oil and this is without taking into account the excellent coke-coal and industrial carbon dioxide. The rest will be pure oxygen and chemically pure water.
We hope that all costs will pay off in 1-1,5 years. Only profit will go on.
The waste recycling plant is not only environmentally friendly but also self-supporting, it does not require additional electricity, fuel or other costs, except for scheduled inspections, painting and repairs, and that is very insignificant since it contains almost no moving parts.
Not only that, with its help, it is possible to produce electricity for the entire vessel and much more. Having such an installation on board a ship, we will solve the problem of supplying the ship with fuel, water, and electricity. And this is the most costly position in the operation of any vessel.
Even if the project earns only a third of the estimated it will be just an incredibly profitable project by itself.
We do not even consider the clean living environment of all life, do not consider possible studying the depths of the ocean, ichthyological, hydrographic research, filmmaking, outdoor activities of people and much more.
Difficulties are also not enough. For example, flooded nets of fishermen who will have to be raised by other devices. Or flooded car tires, glass, and iron. If tires can be completely recycled in this way, then glass and metal, stone and concrete are simply impossible.
We hope that you now understand almost all the benefits of the project. But you do not even need to wait for the time when the project starts its work. You can already get tangible benefits today. Here we will talk about this in the next part, in which our proposals to you and the terms of cooperation will be. And it will also be not quite ordinary sentences.
You can reproach us that we overestimate the cost of the project and this will be true. But it is better to be prepared for certain difficulties than to face them unexpectedly. If we still have unused funds, they will simply go to the next project. Do not forget that we are supposed to stage-by-stage crowdfunding.